Diamond Statistics

Why Diamond Statistics?

Diamond statistics are part of the essential tools a business needs to better operate and understand the global diamond industry.

We collect, analyze, and make sense of diamond market data. Below are free annual diamond statistical sets relating to two key diamond activities: international trade and production.

The data was sourced from governmental agencies that track their international diamond trading activities, major mining companies engaged in diamond production around the world, and the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme.

The Kimberley Process is an international, multi-stakeholder initiative created to increase transparency and oversight in the diamond industry in order to eliminate trade in conflict diamonds and rough diamonds sold by rebel groups or their allies to fund conflict against legitimate governments.

The following is data by country and company, followed by a map illustrating where diamonds are mined (produced).

Rough and Polished Diamond Statistics by Country

Rough and polished diamond statistics: import and export trade data by the leading diamond manufacturing and trading countries. These eight countries are the leading diamond trading, manufacturing (polishing), and consuming countries.

Belgium's Polished Diamond Exports

Year
US$ 
Carat
Avg P/C
2020
$5,811,947,273
2,713,431
$2,141
2019
$9,929,964,175
4,083,926
$2,431
2018
$11,448,155,063
4,785,072
$2,392
2017
$11,398,322,159
5,008,726
$2,276
2016
$11,802,351,272
5,425,563
$2,175
2015
$13,074,401,851
5,951,648
$2,197
2014
$14,416,781,237
6,405,278
$2,251
2013
$13,881,984,317
6,738,271
$2,060
2012
$13,212,037,986
6,951,723
$1,901
2011
$14,639,966,046
8,481,451
$1,726
2010
$11,099,755,727
7,794,369
$1,424
2009
$7,855,274,752
6,596,702
$1,191
2008
$12,333,608,116
8,715,636
$1,415
2007
$10,738,912,289
9,363,659
$1,147
2006
$9,502,481,970
8,734,835
$1,088
2005
$8,879,538,886
9,356,604
$949

Belgium's Polished Diamond Imports

Year
US$ 
Carat
Avg P/C
2020
$5,529,220,736
3,357,288
$1,647
2019
$10,061,772,558
5,104,185
$1,971
2018
$11,450,500,289
5,742,069
$1,994
2017
$11,127,736,845
5,648,723
$1,970
2016
$11,391,582,848
6,047,449
$1,884
2015
$12,652,111,173
6,506,039
$1,945
2014
$13,816,778,561
6,888,201
$2,006
2013
$13,291,175,776
7,388,666
$1,799
2012
$12,904,592,195
7,440,174
$1,734
2011
$14,033,349,770
8,985,590
$1,562
2010
$10,316,470,354
8,096,387
$1,274
2009
$7,302,085,937
6,781,780
$1,077
2008
$12,078,441,247
9,621,945
$1,255
2007
$9,988,968,877
9,741,459
$1,025
2006
$8,994,154,113
9,281,192
$969
2005
$8,336,962,469
9,526,438
$875

Belgium's Rough Diamond Exports

Year
US$ 
Carat
Avg P/C
2020
$6,760,662,992
80,110,509
$84
2019
$9,171,545,954
104,748,882
$88
2018
$12,461,648,630
121,401,608
$103
2017
$12,607,323,292
127,844,240
$99
2016
$12,726,076,211
100,807,033
$126
2015
$11,497,883,028
96,101,390
$120
2014
$15,653,966,469
114,439,276
$137

Belgium's Rough Diamond Imports

Year
US$ 
Carat
Avg P/C
2020
$6,833,318,381
78,238,449
$87
2019
$7,953,719,004
79,075,227
$101
2018
$10,679,006,783
92,789,147
$115
2017
$10,725,096,651
95,298,096
$113
2016
$12,087,641,839
89,973,013
$134
2015
$11,126,242,432
84,000,373
$132
2014
$14,909,678,511
99,856,465
$149

Botswana's Rough Diamond Exports (own production)

Year
US$ Billion
2020
$2,121
2019
$3,049
2018
$3.625
2017
$3.479
2016
$4.023
2015
$2.606
2014
$3.968
2013
$3.394
2012
$3.065
2011
$4.285
2010
$2.783
2009
$1.857
2008
$3.198
2007
$3.267

Botswana's Polished Diamond Exports

Year
US$ Million
2020
$455.2
2019
$835.2
2018
$846.0
2017
$541.4
2016
$406.9
2015
$441.4
2014
$821.3
2013
$788.6
2012
$706.6
2011
$706.0
2010
$457.0
2009
$214.9
2008
$292.5

Canada's Rough Diamond Exports

Year
US$
2019
$1,551,412,010
2018
$2,160,049,880
2017
$1,964,108,160
2016
$1,417,001,966
2015
$1,761,196,036
2014
$2,290,877,890
2013
$1,949,990,509
2012
$2,171,358,388
2011
$2,532,002,521
2010
$2,379,658,183
2009
$1,515,715,348

Hong Kong's Polished Diamond Imports

Year
US$ 
Carat
Avg P/C
2020
$10,799,349,000
12,081,173
$894
2019
$16,501,997,000
17,567,285
$939
2018
$19,000,721,000
19,071,955
$996
2017
$18,930,461,000
19,505,748
$971
2016
$17,408,030,000
18,992,177
$917
2015
$17,524,356,000
18,595,716
$942
2014
$19,592,102,000
21,033,009
$931

Hong Kong's Polished Diamond Exports

Year
US$ 
Carat
Avg P/C
2020
$9,775,081,000
9,682,563
$1,010
2019
$12,641,298,000
12,520,423
$1,010
2018
$13,672,710,000
13,907,397
$983
2017
$13,969,413,000
13,543,242
$1,031
2016
$13,354,756,000
14,117,498
$946
2015
$13,311,385,000
13,684,691
$973
2014
$13,744,285,000
14,668,277
$937

Hong Kong's Rough Diamond Imports

Year
US$ 
Carat
Avg P/C
2020
$576,120,000
4,290,652
$134
2019
$1,315,267,000
7,875,932
$167
2018
$1,964,502,000
11,395,542
$172
2017
$1,604,678,000
10,675,170
$150
2016
$1,350,306,000
10,090,830
$134
2015
$1,449,621,000
11,161,114
$130
2014
$2,178,639,000
13,794,114
$158

Hong Kong's Rough Diamond Exports

Year
US$ 
Carat
Avg P/C
2020
$685,478,000
4,507,694
$152
2019
$1,407,561,000
8,286,929
$170
2018
$2,628,738,000
11,434,373
$230
2017
$3,211,901,000
10,581,861
$304
2016
$1,889,254,000
10,574,120
$179
2015
$1,603,216,000
11,006,005
$146
2014
$2,310,881,000
14,077,012
$164

India's Polished Diamond Exports

Year
US$
Carats
Avg P/C
2020
$14,681,010,000
20,494,089
$716.35
2019
$20,616,860,000
27,506,000
$749.54
2018
$24,397,840,000
31,209,000
$781.76
2017
$23,093,940,000
34,853,000
$662.61
2016
$22,617,560,000
32,666,000
$692.39

India's Polished Diamond Imports

Year
US$
Carats
Avg P/C
2020
$2,072,620,000
2,729,456
$759.35
2019
$1,237,280,000
4,366,000
$283.39
2018
$1,419,930,000
4,449,000
$319.16
2017
$2,386,250,000
7,787,000
$306.44
2016
$2,670,570,000
7,790,000
$342.82

India's Rough Diamond Exports

Year
US$
Carats
Avg P/C
2020
$448,690,000
16,871,061
$26.60
2019
$1,305,420,000
23,700,000
$55.08
2018
$1,287,000,000
48,081,000
$26.77
2017
$1,519,790,000
35,491,000
$42.82
2016
$1,416,770,000
31,812,000
$44.54

India's Rough Diamond Imports

Year
US$
Carats
Avg P/C
2020
$9,288,990,000
114,861,210
$80.87
2019
$13,806,060,000
154,723,000
$89.23
2018
$16,868,320,000
241,307,000
$69.90
2017
$18,461,020,000
197,136,000
$93.65
2016
$16,641,230,000
146,602,000
$113.51

Israel's Polished Diamond Exports

Year
Bln US$
Mcts
Avg P/C
2021
$6.91
2.15
$3,209
2020
$4.46
1.53
$2,920
2019
$9.70
2.64
$3,668
2018
$11.99
3.15
$3,805
2017
$12.28
3.22
$3,819
2016
$12.67
3.39
$3,742
2015
$15.09
3.98
$3,790
2014
$17.08
4.42
$3,864

Israel's Polished Diamond Imports

Year
Bln US$
Mcts
Avg P/C
2021
$3.82
2.15
$1,777
2020
$2.27
1.31
$1733
2019
$2.64
1.61
$1,641
2018
$3.37
1.74
$1,938
2017
$3.30
1.73
$1,900
2016
$3.63
1.83
$1,988
2015
$3.78
2.03
$1,866
2014
$4.79
2.47
$1,937

Israel's Rough Diamond Exports

Year
Bln US$
Mcts
Avg P/C
2021
$1.87
3.63
$515
2020
$0.93
2.05
$452
2019
$1.60
4.36
$368
2018
$2.41
6.8
$354
2017
$2.40
7.3
$328
2016
$2.96
10.9
$272
2015
$2.49
8.08
$308
2014
$3.45
13.06
$264

Israel's Rough Diamond Imports

Year
Bln US$
Mcts
Avg P/C
2021
$2.24
3.64
$617
2020
$1.27
5.38
$236
2019
$2.06
4.25
$485
2018
$3.16
6.38
$519
2017
$3.46
6.66
$520
2016
$3.50
9.4
$373
2015
$3.09
7.69
$402
2014
$4.49
10.61
$423

Japan's Polished Diamond Imports

Year
Value ($Mln)
Carats (Mln)
Avg P/C
2020
$461.2
1.16
$398
2019
$703.5
1.46
$482
2018
$849.6
1.63
$520
2017
$762.4
1.43
$531
2016
$912.6
1.49
$611
2015
$777.0
1.48
$525
2014
$888.0
1.81
$490

US Polished Diamond Imports

Year
US$
Carats
Avg P/C
2020
$14,081,319,918
8,301,717
$1,696
2019
$21,334,752,122
10,161,548
$2,100
2018
$24,489,311,417
10,694,121
$2,290
2017
$21,668,849,409
9,893,973
$2,190
2016
$22,345,388,851
11,038,675
$2,024
2015
$22,919,100,755
11,194,977
$2,047
2014
$24,026,189,247
11,812,462
$2,034
2013
$22,813,536,202
12,316,273
$1,852
2012
$19,640,799,299
12,009,181
$1,635
2011
$21,668,186,525
13,312,411
$1,628
2010
$18,073,510,068
13,480,499
$1,341
2009
$12,445,372,718
10,840,405
$1,148

US Polished Diamond Exports

Year
US$
Carats
Avg P/C
2020
$10,103,998,838
5,862,521
$1,723
2019
$17,386,994,283
9,044,086
$1,922
2018
$19,470,713,339
9,619,855
$2,024
2017
$18,019,307,642
10,490,795
$1,718
2016
$18,845,374,096
11,132,914
$1,693
2015
$18,322,929,757
11,901,663
$1,540
2014
$20,928,806,245
13,896,434
$1,506
2013
$19,094,798,066
14,020,701
$1,362
2012
$16,590,142,448
13,906,014
$1,193
2011
$17,813,041,184
14,978,880
$1,189
2010
$13,759,845,812
17,155,115
$802
2009
$9,704,626,195
24,223,321
$401

US Rough Diamond Imports

Year
US$
Carats
Avg P/C
2020
$259,999,268
586,614
$443
2019
$357,467,761
931,646
$384
2018
$609,156,353
935,128
$651
2017
$1,060,430,099
586,981
$1,807
2016
$860,213,925
616,170
$1,396
2015
$304,791,547
417,885
$729
2014
$547,252,394
425,310
$1,287
2013
$533,807,967
638,072
$837
2012
$555,558,829
747,966
$743
2011
$628,975,632
707,615
$889
2010
$516,495,475
398,025
$1,298
2009
$289,203,544
699,587
$413

US Rough Diamond Exports

Year
US$
Carats
Avg P/C
2020
$262,936,396
289,003
$910
2019
$314,545,980
630,303
$499
2018
$477,693,514
916,195
$521
2017
$937,822,011
1,805,497
$519
2016
$602,325,499
407,433
$1,478
2015
$192,729,252
264,851
$728
2014
$367,934,056
601,447
$612
2013
$308,715,905
809,482
$381
2012
$349,989,501
521,766
$671
2011
$429,506,250
1,053,457
$408
2010
$341,126,155
1,073,374
$318
2009
$236,081,284
1,002,705
$235

Sources: AWDC, Bank of Botswana, Statistics Botswana, Canada Trade Data, Diamond Federation of Hong Kong, GJEPC, Israel’s Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Finance Japan, US Dept. of Commerce

Where does the US import diamonds from?

The US gets most of its diamonds from a relatively small number of countries. According to diamond trade statistics published by the United States International Trade Commission, half of the polished diamonds imported into the US in 2020 were from India.

Israel was the second largest source of polished diamonds imported into the US. It accounted for a quarter of diamond imports by value.  Belgium was the third largest source, with another 11% of polished diamond imports in 2020.

Collectively, these three countries supplied 85% of US diamond imports. Together with Switzerland and South Africa, five countries were the source of 93% of the diamond imports.

US Polished Diamond Imports by Country, 2020

Country
Value
Carats
Avg / Carat
India
$7,022,346,717
6,227,690
$1,127.60
Israel
$3,466,975,554
1,148,337
$3,019.13
Belgium
$1,484,126,309
301,259
$4,926.41
Switzerland
$645,757,833
9,434
$68,450.06
South Africa
$493,867,084
25,020
$19,738.89
Russia
$259,385,207
35,949
$7,215.37
Botswana
$139,966,897
22,051
$6,347.42
UAE
$111,982,292
27,786
$4,030.17
Australia
$61,481,172
23,799
$2,583.35
Hong Kong
$56,142,439
24,897
$2,254.99
Mauritius
$54,834,807
17,994
$3,047.39
UK
$46,617,978
8,226
$5,667.15
Vietnam
$42,959,844
52,366
$820.38
Canada
$38,450,506
20,174
$1,905.94
Thailand
$26,603,909
15,395
$1,728.09
Cambodia
$23,239,864
20,363
$1,141.28
Lesotho
$22,257,096
289
$77,014.17
Namibia
$21,758,044
4,440
$4,900.46
France
$18,835,164
1,163
$16,195.33
Italy
$9,941,628
4,143
$2,399.62
Ukraine
$4,618,998
5,111
$903.74
Laos
$4,407,982
5,207
$846.55
China
$3,070,889
4,349
$706.11
Japan
$2,886,782
3,016
$957.16
Brazil
$2,542,016
5,877
$432.54
Congo-Kinshasa
$2,333,300
216
$10,802.31
Armenia
$1,610,613
3,607
$446.52
Sri Lanka
$1,413,545
1,651
$856.18
Saudi Arabia
$1,373,750
150
$9,158.33
Germany
$1,134,126
1,300
$872.40
Turkey
$1,092,843
1,004
$1,088.49
Sierra Leone
$946,653
216
$4,382.65
Spain
$884,355
365
$2,422.89
Netherlands
$743,325
150
$4,955.50
Mexico
$577,777
5,541
$104.27
Colombia
$542,553
49
$11,072.51
Monaco
$425,000
15
$28,333.33
Angola
$360,994
45
$8,022.09
Guinea
$350,000
611
$572.83
Zambia
$307,585
663
$463.93
Mozambique
$281,340
55
$5,115.27
Denmark
$264,000
15
$17,600.00
Taiwan
$231,428
286
$809.19
Singapore
$218,076
26
$8,387.54
Madagascar
$195,415
155
$1,260.74
Burma
$162,665
27
$6,024.63
Bulgaria
$141,692
48
$2,951.92
Dominican Rep
$122,314
429
$285.11
Lebanon
$97,773
584
$167.42
Ethiopia
$78,500
3
$26,166.67
Portugal
$74,460
11
$6,769.09
Luxembourg
$63,248
6
$10,541.33
South Korea
$60,000
4
$15,000.00
Austria
$57,432
67
$857.19
Finland
$49,285
12
$4,107.08
Indonesia
$23,413
42
$557.45
Ireland
$7,720
2
$3,860.00
Malaysia
$7,700
2
$3,850.00
Iceland
$7,285
2
$3,642.50
Panama
$6,350
2
$3,175.00
New Zealand
$6,023
18
$334.61
Norway
$5,500
2
$2,750.00
Poland
$4,869
1
$4,869.00
Total
$14,081,319,918
8,031,717
$1,753.21

The US imported rough diamonds from a short list of just 18 countries. Topping the list were three Southern African countries, namely, South Africa, Namibia, and Botswana.

Collectively, 71% of rough diamond imports were from these three countries.

US Rough Diamond Imports by Country, 2020

Country
$
Carats
Avg / Carat
South Africa
$96,756,462
76,768
$1,260.37
Namibia
$49,569,970
53,840
$920.69
Botswana
$37,412,075
205,321
$182.21
Lesotho
$27,415,666
987
$27,776.76
Russia
$23,886,156
152,658
$156.47
Sierra Leone
$9,059,450
473
$19,153.17
Angola
$5,977,186
273
$21,894.45
Canada
$4,379,227
83,287
$52.58
Australia
$2,442,107
62
$39,388.82
Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
$1,744,206
5,972
$292.06
Brazil
$759,689
292
$2,601.67
Central African Republic
$363,650
223
$1,630.72
Guyana
$96,023
417
$230.27
Liberia
$37,047
18
$2,058.17
Belgium
$32,400
771
$42.02
United Arab Emerates (UAE)
$30,500
2
$15,250.00
Republic of the Congo (RoC)
$24,995
38
$657.76
India
$12,459
5,212
$2.39
Total
$259,999,268
586,614
$443.22

Rough and Polished Diamond Statistics by Company

Annual diamond statistics of production values and volume of the leading global mining companies.

The following five companies are the largest diamond mining companies by value and volume. They operate all over the world and collectively mined more than 75 million carats of diamonds in 2020. This is an estimated 60% of global diamond production.

Rough diamond sales by the five companies totaled $6.54 billion, representing 70% of total diamond mine sales in 2020. The large quantity of diamond production and total value of their rough diamond sales makes these companies the most important and influential diamond mining firms globally.

De Beers’ Rough Diamond Sales and Production

Year
Sales (US$ Bln)
Production (MCts)
2021
$4.82
32.3
2020
$2.84
25.1
2019
$4.00
30.8
2018
$5.41
35.3
2017
$5.26
33.5
2016
$6.07
27.3
2015
$4.67
28.7
2014
$6.48
32.6
2013
$5.80
31.2
2012
$5.50
27.9
2011
$6.50
31.3
2010
$5.08
33.0
2009
$3.23
24.6

ALROSA’s Rough and Polished Diamond Sales

Year
Rough (US$ Bln)
Polished ($Mln)
2020
$2.65
$149.7
2019
$3.27
$64.7
2018
$4.43
$90.3
2017
$4.17
$96.9
2016
$4.39
$101.6
2015
$3.41
N/A

Rio Tinto's Rough Diamond Sales and Share of Production

Year
Sales (US$ Bln)
Production (MCts)
2020
$459
14.68
2019
$619
17.03
2018
$695
18.43
2017
$706
21.63
2016
$613
17.95
2015
$698
17.32
2014
$901
13.87
2013
$852
16.03
2012
$754
13.12
2011
$726
11.73

Petra's Rough Diamond Sales

Year
Sales (US$ Mln)
2019
$463.6
2018
$495.3
2017
$394.8
2016
$430.9
2015
$425.0
2014
$471.8
2013
$392.5
2012
$316.9
2011
$220.6

Gem Diamonds' Rough Diamond Sales and Production

Year
Sales (US$ Mln)
Production (carats)
2020
$189.6
100,780
2019
$182.0
113,974
2018
$267.3
126,875
2017
$214.3
111,811
2016
$189.8
108,206
2015
$249.5
108,579
2014
$276.8
108,569
2013
$198.8
95,053
2012
$202.1
114,350
2011
$395.6
232,669

Source: Company reports

Where Diamonds Are Mined

Diamonds are primarily mined in two bands around the globe: southern and northern. The southern band includes southern Africa, Australia, and Brazil.

The northern band includes diamond resources in Russia and Canada. The largest diamond producing countries by value and volume are Russia, Botswana, and Canada.

Global Diamond Production Map, 2019

Where are diamonds mined - Global Diamond Production Map 2019 - Edahn Golan Diamond Statistics

An interactive version of this map is available here.