Diamond Statistics

Why Diamond Statistics?

Diamond statistics are part of the essential tools a business needs to better operate and understand the global diamond industry.

We collect, analyze, and make sense of diamond market data. Below are free annual diamond statistical sets relating to two key diamond activities: international trade and production.

The data was sourced from governmental agencies that track their international diamond trading activities, major mining companies engaged in diamond production around the world, and the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme.

Kimberley Process is an international, multi-stakeholder initiative created to increase transparency and oversight in the diamond industry in order to eliminate trade in conflict diamonds and rough diamonds sold by rebel groups or their allies to fund conflict against legitimate governments.

Following is data by country and company, followed by US Trade data, and then a map illustrating where diamonds are mined (produced).

Rough and Polished Diamond Statistics by Country

Rough and polished diamond statistics: import and export trade data by the leading diamond manufacturing and trading countries. These eight countries are the leading diamond trading, manufacturing (polishing), and consuming countries.

Belgium's Polished Diamond Exports

Year
US$ Billion
Mcts
Avg P/C
2021
$7.84
3.68
$2,131
2020
$5.81
2.71
$2,141
2019
$9.93
4.08
$2,431
2018
$11.45
4.79
$2,392
2017
$11.40
5.01
$2,276
2016
$11.80
5.43
$2,175
2015
$13.07
5.95
$2,197
2014
$14.42
6.41
$2,251
2013
$13.88
6.74
$2,060
2012
$13.21
6.95
$1,901
2011
$14.64
8.48
$1,726
2010
$11.10
7.79
$1,424
2009
$7.86
6.6
$1,191
2008
$12.33
8.72
$1,415
2007
$10.74
9.36
$1,147
2006
$9.50
8.73
$1,088
2005
$8.88
9.36
$949

Belgium's Polished Diamond Imports

Year
US$ Billion
Mcts
Avg P/C
2021
$7.82
5.15
$1,518
2020
$5.53
3.36
$1,647
2019
$10.06
5.10
$1,971
2018
$11.45
5.74
$1,994
2017
$11.13
5.65
$1,970
2016
$11.39
6.045
$1,884
2015
$12.65
6.51
$1,945
2014
$13.82
6.89
$2,006
2013
$13.29
7.39
$1,799
2012
$12.91
7.44
$1,734
2011
$14.03
8.99
$1,562
2010
$10.32
8.10
$1,274
2009
$7.30
6.78
$1,077
2008
$12.08
9.62
$1,255
2007
$9.99
9.74
$1,025
2006
$8.99
9.28
$969
2005
$8.34
9.53
$875

Belgium's Rough Diamond Exports

Year
US$ Billion
Mcts
Avg P/C
2021
$1.11
105.40
$105
2020
$6.76
80.11
$84
2019
$9.17
104.75
$88
2018
$12.46
121.40
$103
2017
$12.61
127.84
$99
2016
$12.73
100.81
$126
2015
$11.50
96.10
$120
2014
$15.65
114.44
$137

Belgium's Rough Diamond Imports

Year
US$ Billion
Mcts
Avg P/C
2021
$10.44
90.37
$166
2020
$6.83
78.24
$87
2019
$7.95
79.08
$101
2018
$10.68
92.79
$115
2017
$10.73
95.30
$113
2016
$12.09
89.97
$134
2015
$11.13
84.00
$132
2014
$14.91
99.86
$149

Botswana's Rough Diamond Exports (own production)

Year
US$ Billion
2021
$3,466
2020
$2,121
2019
$3,049
2018
$3.625
2017
$3.479
2016
$4.023
2015
$2.606
2014
$3.968
2013
$3.394
2012
$3.065
2011
$4.285
2010
$2.783
2009
$1.857
2008
$3.198
2007
$3.267

Botswana's Polished Diamond Exports

Year
US$ Million
2021
$845.1
2020
$560.9
2019
$840.9
2018
$846.0
2017
$541.4
2016
$406.9
2015
$441.4
2014
$821.3
2013
$788.6
2012
$706.6
2011
$706.0
2010
$457.0
2009
$214.9
2008
$292.5

Canada's Rough Diamond Exports

Year
US$ Billion
2021
$1.52
2020
$1.07
2019
$1.55
2018
$2.16
2017
$1.96
2016
$1.42
2015
$1.76
2014
$2.29
2013
$1.95
2012
$2.17
2011
$2.53
2010
$2.38
2009
$1.52

Hong Kong's Polished Diamond Imports

Year
US$ Billion
MCt
Avg P/C
2021
$14.40
17.32
$832
2020
$10.80
12.08
$894
2019
$16.50
17.57
$939
2018
$19.00
19.07
$996
2017
$18.93
19.51
$971
2016
$17.41
18.99
$917
2015
$17.52
18.6
$942
2014
$19.59
21.03
$931

Hong Kong's Polished Diamond Exports

Year
US$ Billion
MCt
Avg P/C
2021
$12.89
14.34
$899
2020
$9.78
9.68
$1,010
2019
$12.64
12.52
$1,010
2018
$13.67
13.91
$983
2017
$13.97
13.54
$1,031
2016
$13.36
14.12
$946
2015
$13.31
13.69
$973
2014
$13.74
14.67
$937

Hong Kong's Rough Diamond Imports

Year
US$ Billion
MCt
Avg P/C
2021
$0.96
4.44
$215
2020
$0.58
4.29
$134
2019
$1.32
7.88
$167
2018
$1.97
11.4
$172
2017
$1.61
10.68
$150
2016
$1.35
10.09
$134
2015
$1.45
11.16
$130
2014
$2.18
13.79
$158

Hong Kong's Rough Diamond Exports

Year
US$ Billion
MCt
Avg P/C
2021
$1.07
4.96
$215
2020
$0.69
4.51
$152
2019
$1.41
8.29
$170
2018
$2.63
11.43
$230
2017
$3.21
10.58
$304
2016
$1.89
10.57
$179
2015
$1.60
11.01
$146
2014
$2.31
14.08
$164

India's Polished Diamond Exports

Year
US$ Bln
MCt
Avg P/C
2021
$21.56
28.62
$753.45
2020
$14.68
20.49
$716.35
2019
$20.62
27.51
$749.54
2018
$24.40
31.21
$781.76
2017
$23.09
34.85
$662.61
2016
$22.60
32.67
$692.39

India's Polished Diamond Imports

Year
US$ Bln
MCt
Avg P/C
2021
$1.44
4.85
$296.56
2020
$2.07
2.73
$759.35
2019
$1.24
4.37
$283.39
2018
$1.42
4.45
$319.16
2017
$2.39
7.79
$306.44
2016
$2.67
7.79
$342.82

India's Rough Diamond Exports

Year
US$ Bln
MCt
Avg P/C
2021
$0.77
25.43
$30.29
2020
$0.45
16.87
$26.60
2019
$1.31
23.70
$55.08
2018
$1.29
48.08
$26.77
2017
$1.52
35.49
$42.82
2016
$1.42
31.81
$44.54

India's Rough Diamond Imports

Year
US$ Bln
MCt
Avg P/C
2021
$16.33
160.79
$101.57
2020
$9.22
114.86
$80.87
2019
$13.81
154.72
$89.23
2018
$16.87
241.31
$69.90
2017
$18.46
197.14
$93.65
2016
$16.64
146.60
$113.51

Israel's Polished Diamond Exports

Year
Bln US$
Mcts
Avg P/C
2021
$6.91
2.15
$3,209
2020
$4.46
1.53
$2,920
2019
$9.70
2.64
$3,668
2018
$11.99
3.15
$3,805
2017
$12.28
3.22
$3,819
2016
$12.67
3.39
$3,742
2015
$15.09
3.98
$3,790
2014
$17.08
4.42
$3,864

Israel's Polished Diamond Imports

Year
Bln US$
Mcts
Avg P/C
2021
$3.82
2.15
$1,777
2020
$2.27
1.31
$1733
2019
$2.64
1.61
$1,641
2018
$3.37
1.74
$1,938
2017
$3.30
1.73
$1,900
2016
$3.63
1.83
$1,988
2015
$3.78
2.03
$1,866
2014
$4.79
2.47
$1,937

Israel's Rough Diamond Exports

Year
Bln US$
Mcts
Avg P/C
2021
$1.87
3.63
$515
2020
$0.93
2.05
$452
2019
$1.60
4.36
$368
2018
$2.41
6.8
$354
2017
$2.40
7.3
$328
2016
$2.96
10.9
$272
2015
$2.49
8.08
$308
2014
$3.45
13.06
$264

Israel's Rough Diamond Imports

Year
Bln US$
Mcts
Avg P/C
2021
$2.24
3.64
$617
2020
$1.27
5.38
$236
2019
$2.06
4.25
$485
2018
$3.16
6.38
$519
2017
$3.46
6.66
$520
2016
$3.50
9.4
$373
2015
$3.09
7.69
$402
2014
$4.49
10.61
$423

Japan's Polished Diamond Imports

Year
Value ($Mln)
Carats (Mln)
Avg P/C
2021
$532.9
1.54
$347
2020
$461.2
1.16
$398
2019
$703.5
1.46
$482
2018
$849.6
1.63
$520
2017
$762.4
1.43
$531
2016
$912.6
1.49
$611
2015
$777.0
1.48
$525
2014
$888.0
1.81
$490

US Polished Diamond Imports

Year
US$ Bln
MCt
Avg P/C
2021
$21.26
12.33
$1,724
2020
$14.08
8.30
$1,696
2019
$21.33
10.16
$2,100
2018
$24.49
10.69
$2,290
2017
$21.67
9.89
$2,190
2016
$22.35
11.04
$2,024
2015
$22.92
11.19
$2,047
2014
$24.03
11.81
$2,034
2013
$22.81
12.32
$1,852
2012
$19.64
12.01
$1,635
2011
$21.67
13.31
$1,628
2010
$18.07
13.48
$1,341
2009
$12.45
10.84
$1,148

US Polished Diamond Exports

Year
US$ Bln
MCt
Avg P/C
2021
$14.37
11.52
$1,247
2020
$10.10
5.86
$1,723
2019
$17.39
9.04
$1,922
2018
$19.47
9.62
$2,024
2017
$18.02
10.49
$1,718
2016
$18.85
11.13
$1,693
2015
$18.32
11.90
$1,540
2014
$20.93
13.90
$1,506
2013
$19.09
14.02
$1,362
2012
$16.59
13.91
$1,193
2011
$17.81
14.98
$1,189
2010
$13.76
17.16
$802
2009
$9.70
24.22
$401

US Rough Diamond Imports

Year
US$ Bln
MCt
Avg P/C
2021
$0.49
0.86
$566
2020
$0.26
0.59
$443
2019
$0.36
0.93
$384
2018
$0.61
0.94
$651
2017
$1.06
0.59
$1,807
2016
$0.86
0.62
$1,396
2015
$0.30
0.42
$729
2014
$0.55
0.43
$1,287
2013
$0.53
0.64
$837
2012
$0.56
0.75
$743
2011
$0.63
0.71
$889
2010
$0.52
0.40
$1,298
2009
$0.29
0.70
$413

US Rough Diamond Exports

Year
US$ Bln
MCt
Avg P/C
2021
$0.39
1.32
$291
2020
$0.26
0.29
$910
2019
$0.31
0.63
$499
2018
$0.48
0.92
$521
2017
$0.94
1.81
$519
2016
$0.60
0.41
$1,478
2015
$0.19
0.26
$728
2014
$0.37
0.60
$612
2013
$0.31
0.81
$381
2012
$0.35
0.52
$671
2011
$0.43
1.05
$408
2010
$0.34
1.07
$318
2009
$0.24
1.00
$235

Sources: AWDC, Bank of Botswana, Statistics Botswana, Canada Trade Data, Diamond Federation of Hong Kong, GJEPC, Israel’s Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Finance Japan, US Dept. of Commerce

Where does the US import diamonds from?

The US gets most of its diamonds from a relatively small number of countries. According to diamond trade statistics published by the United States International Trade Commission, more than half of the polished diamonds imported into the US in 2021 were from India.

Israel was the second largest source of polished diamonds imported into the US. It accounted for a quarter of diamond imports by value.  Belgium was the third largest source, with another 9% of polished diamond imports in 2021.

Collectively, these three countries supplied 87% of US diamond imports. Together with South Africa and Switzerland, five countries were the source of 92% of the diamond imports.

US Polished Diamond Imports by Country, 2021

Country
USD
India
$11,406,140,772
Israel
$5,138,048,889
Belgium
$1,856,495,561
South Africa
$814,416,656
Switzerland
$433,154,696
Russia
$294,395,135
UAE
$273,000,444
Botswana
$164,597,744
Hong Kong
$125,499,771
France
$107,460,032
United Kingdom
$91,910,928
Australia
$77,323,416
Mauritius
$75,654,591
Namibia
$67,589,622
Canada
$67,569,559
Thailand
$64,845,270
Vietnam
$49,391,039
Angola
$30,940,870
Italy
$18,500,597
China
$15,551,618
Cambodia
$13,525,624
Laos
$11,798,353
Japan
$11,333,916
Lesotho
$10,524,007
Brazil
$6,063,163
Germany
$5,887,076
Monaco
$5,019,604
Ukraine
$4,337,987
DRC
$2,401,200
Singapore
$2,392,419
Lebanon
$2,263,219
Sri Lanka
$1,607,163
Portugal
$1,305,629
Mozambique
$1,207,445
Turkey
$1,177,733
Netherlands
$1,157,927
Argentina
$1,128,900
Spain
$1,102,041
Zambia
$1,057,167
Taiwan
$841,945
Mexico
$719,281
Colombia
$634,439
Sierra Leone
$606,925
Sudan
$600,556
Mayotte
$569,419
Armenia
$361,899
Saudi Arabia
$280,855
Republic of the Congo
$273,500
Luxembourg
$233,278
Indonesia
$117,031
Dominican Republic
$109,018
Philippines
$100,540
Bolivia
$92,707
Panama
$92,050
Liberia
$89,907
South Korea
$89,900
Austria
$69,724
Venezuela
$57,627
Sweden
$55,000
British Indian Ocean Territory
$50,329
Madagascar
$47,748
Bulgaria
$41,525
Tanzania
$14,749
Denmark
$11,640
Antigua Barbuda
$10,000
Turks & Caicos
$8,116
Liechtenstein
$7,700
French Polynesia
$6,625
Iceland
$6,000
Malaysia
$5,000
British Virgin Islands
$2,015

The US imported rough diamonds from a short list of just 20 countries. Topping the list were three Southern African countries, namely, South Africa, Botswana, and Namibia.

Collectively, 81% of rough diamond imports were from these three countries.

US Rough Diamond Imports by Country, 2021

Country
USD
South Africa
$254,620,886
Botswana
$88,842,257
Namibia
$50,754,572
Lesotho
$29,810,169
Angola
$15,418,541
Tanzania
$14,155,955
Russia
$10,071,996
Canada
$9,769,140
Brazil
$3,295,939
Switzerland
$2,226,347
Sierra Leone
$2,145,268
Congo-Kinshasa
$1,832,457
Belgium
$1,773,500
Guyana
$360,733
Liberia
$327,342
Israel
$79,800
United Arab Em
$61,000
India
$49,907
United Kingdom
$10,744
Australia
$3,219

Rough and Polished Diamond Statistics by Company

Annual diamond statistics of production values and volume of the leading global mining companies.

The following five companies are the largest diamond mining companies by value and volume. They operate all over the world and collectively mined more than 75 million carats of diamonds in 2020. This is an estimated 60% of global diamond production.

Rough diamond sales by the five companies totaled $6.54 billion, representing 70% of total diamond mine sales in 2020. The large quantity of diamond production and total value of their rough diamond sales makes these companies the most important and influential diamond mining firms globally.

De Beers’ Rough Diamond Sales and Production

Year
Sales (US$ Bln)
Production (MCts)
2021
$4.82
32.3
2020
$2.84
25.1
2019
$4.00
30.8
2018
$5.41
35.3
2017
$5.26
33.5
2016
$6.07
27.3
2015
$4.67
28.7
2014
$6.48
32.6
2013
$5.80
31.2
2012
$5.50
27.9
2011
$6.50
31.3
2010
$5.08
33.0
2009
$3.23
24.6

ALROSA’s Rough and Polished Diamond Sales

Year
Rough (US$ Bln)
Polished ($Mln)
2021
$3.98
$191.6
2020
$2.65
$149.7
2019
$3.27
$64.7
2018
$4.43
$90.3
2017
$4.17
$96.9
2016
$4.39
$101.6
2015
$3.41
N/A

Rio Tinto's Rough Diamond Sales and Share of Production

Year
Sales (US$ Bln)
Production (MCts)
2021
$501
3.85
2020
$459
14.68
2019
$619
17.03
2018
$695
18.43
2017
$706
21.63
2016
$613
17.95
2015
$698
17.32
2014
$901
13.87
2013
$852
16.03
2012
$754
13.12
2011
$726
11.73

Petra's Rough Diamond Sales

Year
Sales (US$ Mln)
2021
$402.3
2020
$243.3
2019
$463.6
2018
$495.3
2017
$394.8
2016
$430.9
2015
$425.0
2014
$471.8
2013
$392.5
2012
$316.9
2011
$220.6

Gem Diamonds' Rough Diamond Sales and Production

Year
Sales (US$ Mln)
Production (carats)
2021
$201.9
115,335
2020
$189.6
100,780
2019
$182.0
113,974
2018
$267.3
126,875
2017
$214.3
111,811
2016
$189.8
108,206
2015
$249.5
108,579
2014
$276.8
108,569
2013
$198.8
95,053
2012
$202.1
114,350
2011
$395.6
232,669

Source: Company reports

Where Diamonds Are Mined

Diamonds are primarily mined in two bands around the globe: southern and northern. The southern band includes southern Africa, Australia, and Brazil.

The northern band includes diamond resources in Russia and Canada. The largest diamond producing countries by value and volume are Russia, Botswana, and Canada.

Global Diamond Production Map, 2020

A map showing where diamonds are mined - Global Diamond Production Map 2020 - Edahn Golan Diamond Statistics

An interactive version of this map is available here.